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Instructions to Authors

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Trauma Image and Procedure (TIP), as the official journal of the Korean Association for Research, Procedures and Education on Trauma (KARPET), publishes online papers on a quarterly basis. All submitted manuscripts should be written in English and must be in accordance with the submission requirements of TIP. Other details that are not provided in the submission requirements follow the Uniform Requirements for Manuscript (http://www.icmje.org/) of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editor.

Table of Contents

Research and Publishing Ethics

The code of ethics for research and publishing, including conflicts of interest, written consent, rights of human and animal subjects, approval by the Institutional Review Board (IRB), copyright, simultaneous submission, and clinical trial registration, follows the guidelines given in Good Publication Practice Guidelines for Medical Journals (http://kamje.or.kr/publishing_ethics.html) or “Ethical Guidelines on Good Publication (http://publicationethics.org/resources/guidelines)” and in “Ethical Considerations in ICMJE (http://www.icmje.org/index.html).” All submitted manuscripts must be authentic and must not be previously published elsewhere or under consideration for publication in other journals. The TIP journal contents may be used as a reference for other materials, including journals under consideration for approval from the editor committee of TIP. When duplicate publication or plagiarism is discovered, 1) publishing of the relevant article is automatically rejected, 2) an official letter is sent to the head of the relevant institution or organization, 3) the author is subjected to a disciplinary action.

1. Author and Authorship
An author refers to an individual who has put actual intellectual contributions to the research and holds the authorship with academic, social, and financial influence. ICMJE recommends that the selection of authors should be based on the following criteria: 1) The author should have made substantial contribution to the practical conception and design of the research, as well as to the acquisition, analysis, and interpretation of data for the research; 2) The author should have written the first draft of the work or have made the revision on critically important intellectual content; 3) The author should be responsible for the final approval of the version to be published. The author must meet all three criteria. These criteria are applied in identifying the contributors and the authors.
2. Duplicate Publication
Only those manuscripts that have not been published in other journals are accepted, and the manuscripts published in this journal may not be published in other journals. In cases where duplicate or secondary publications in other languages are necessary, approvals from the chief editors of both journals must be obtained.
3. Conflict of Interest
Conflict of interest refers to a case where an author, the author’s institution, reviewer, or editor may have financial or personal relationships that can have undue influence on the author’s research. All authors must disclose their conflict of interest. Some examples include 1) financial conflicts (monetary exchange arising from employment, consultation, stockholding, and other compensation); 2) personal conflicts; 3) academic competition; and 4) intellectual passion. Such conflicts must be mentioned on the title page or in the acknowledgements section. All authors must clearly state their conflicts of interest and include their signatures on the manuscripts.
4. Privacy Protection and Written Informed Consent
ICMJE recommends following the guideline for privacy protection and written informed consent: Rights of patients may not be restricted without written consent. Details including technology, photographs, and personal information may not be disclosed unless the patient (or the family or guardian) provides written consent for publication. However, since complete anonymity of the patients may not be guaranteed, informed consent should be obtained in case the anonymity cannot be maintained. For example, covering only the eyes of the patients may not be sufficient to guarantee anonymity of subjects. If any features are to be manipulated to maintain anonymity, the author must make sure that such manipulation does not distort the scientific meaning, and the editor must report such events in writing. If informed consent has been acquired, it should be stated in the published research.
5. Protecting Rights of Human and Animal Subjects
Researches involving human subjects are required to include a statement mentioning that the study has been conducted according to the Declaration of Helsinki (http://www.wma.net/en/30publications/10policies/b3/index.html) and that it is under review by the Research Ethics Committee (REC) or Institutional Review Board (IRB) of the institution, after which the research has been approved. Informed consents in writing should be acquired on every item. Researches involving animal subjects are required to include a statement mentioning that the research institution has been approved by the REC regulations for its use of animals for testing and breeding and has not violated the NIH Guide in the REC regulations of the research institution and the management method of animals for testing (Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources, Commission on Life Sciences, National Research Council, http://www.nap.edu/readingroom/books/labrats/index.html). Authors are responsible for the storage of the original research data for a minimum of one year after publication and must present this data upon request from the editorial department.
6. Clinical Trial Registration
Every research related to clinical trials should be registered with national clinical registry sites, including http://cris.nih.go.kr/cris/index.jsp, the World Health Organization, or websites certified by ICMJE.


Subscribers of Trauma Image and Procedure (TIP) online have the rights to use, reproduce, distribute, or display the public version of TIP for non-profit purposes. Any individual intending to cite the public version of TIP wholly or partially should include all the citation requirements, including the seals of the author and the publisher, the date, title, Trauma Image and Procedure, and the URL, and must include a copy of the copyright statement. To use the images or contents in TIP journals, the individual must obtain permission from the Korean Association for Research, Procedures and Education on Trauma (KARPET) before using them, regardless of the purpose of use.

Acceptable Manuscripts

Acceptable manuscripts include Original Paper, Review Articles, Brief Image in Trauma, Treatment Progression in Trauma, How to Do It in Trauma, and Letter to Editor.

  • 1. Original Paper: These are scientific and original research reports of basic and clinical trials. Contents are limited to images, surgical procedures, diagnosis, and surgeries related to injuries.
  • 2. Review Articles: Review articles are mainly published upon request from the publication committee. However, well-written manuscripts with good content may be submitted.
  • 3. Brief Image in Trauma: Cases that are clinically significant or displaying highly pathognomonic features can be submitted with images.
  • 4. Treatment Progression in Trauma: This is related to emergency situations, trauma surgery, or treatment method, testing, or procedures applied in the process of treating a critical patient in the department of surgery, which includes the entire treatment process, from hospitalization to dismissal, with images and a brief description in chronological order.
  • 5. How to Do It in Trauma: This includes content about new or interesting treatment methods attempted by medical teams with images and brief description.
  • 6. Letter to Editor: This refers to a third-party opinion of a published journal and the response from the author.

Paper Submission

Submission to Trauma Image and Procedure (TIP) is processed online, via Traumaimpro.org. Authors are required to attach the manuscript file, copyright form, and checklists. Every document, including the manuscript and tables, must be prepared in MS-Word. If online submission is unavailable, please contact us via the following:

Telephone: +82-2-3280-9013
Fax: +82-2-485-3460
E-mail: karpet@karpet.or.kr

Publishing and Maintenance Expenses

The publishing expenses are covered by TIP. Moreover, proofreading expenses for manuscripts written in English are covered by TIP, but translation expenses for manuscripts written in Korean should be covered by the author.

Review Process

The decisions for publication are made after a double-blind review process, involving a minimum of two anonymous professionals. For fair reviews, reviewers examine the unnamed manuscripts. Upon revision requests from the editor committee or editorial department, the authors are required to complete the revision within four (4) weeks. If the revised version is not submitted within four (4) weeks, the submission will be considered as withdrawn by the author.

Manuscript Preparation

The default language is English, and the manuscript should be prepared in English. Review papers may be submitted in Korean, but the abstracts must be written in English.

1. Original Paper
Manuscripts for Original Papers should be organized in the following order: title page, abstract, main body, conflict of interest, acknowledgements, references, tables, figure captions, figures. The title page should be the first page.
A. Manuscript Structure
The accepted format of the main body and tables is MS Word (.doc, .docx). Figures must be in .jpg, .gif, .TIF or .pdf files. Manuscripts should be printed on 21.0 × 29.7cm (A4) paper, double spaced, with 3.0 cm margins on all four sides. The font size should be 11
B. Title Page
Titles, author names, and home institutions of each author should be written in English. Moreover, the name, address, telephone number, fax number, and email address of the corresponding author, along with the history of presentation at the symposium and awards, should be written on the bottom of this page. A running title not exceeding 10 words should also be included here.
C. Abstract
Abstracts of all manuscripts should be written in English, not exceeding 250 words. The composition of an abstract is as follows. Names and institutions of authors should not be included in the abstract page.
  • - Purpose: State the main purpose of the research.
  • - Methods: Provide information on patients, apparatus, methods, and characteristics of the research (randomized clinical trial, retrospective review, experimental study, etc.).
  • - Results: Describe major results and significant numerical values.
  • - Conclusion: Describe the main conclusion, controversial factors, or unexpected findings.
  • - Keywords: Select a maximum of five words from the MeSH (Medical Subject Heading) of Index Medicus and provide them below the abstract.
D. Main Body
The manuscripts of original papers should be written in the following order: introduction, methods, results, and conclusions. Conflict of interest and acknowledgements may be included after the conclusions.
  • - Introduction: Provide a brief background of the research and refer to previous researches and results of closely related studies. Moreover, state clearly the objectives of your research.
  • - Methods: Describe the research plan, materials, subjects, or the methods used. Describe in detail about how the specific disease has been diagnosed and how objectivity in observation is maintained. If the experimental methodology is the main topic of the page, describe the process in detail so that the test can be repeated accurately. When citing specific material, apparatus, or drugs with a registered trademark, the names and addresses of the manufacturers must be written in parenthesis. Use general names instead of commercial names.
  • - Results: Results must be derived through a logical process using the text in the main body, tables, and figures, and presenting the same data in different formats should be avoided. All data referred to in the methods section must be presented in the results section.
  • - Conclusions: Conclusions should be presented in a comprehensible manner. Highlight new and significant results, avoid repeating the contents of other sections in the results, and describe the measured results in light of the limitations of the study. The explanation of the objectives of the study should be related to the conclusions.
  • - Conflict of interest: Every conflict of interest must be clearly disclosed.
E. Acknowledgement
Acknowledgement to individuals who contributed to the research but not significantly enough to be credited as authors can be stated in this section. All funding received and its sources should be mentioned.
F. References
References should be prepared according to the Vancouver style of “Uniform Requirements of Manuscripts Submitter to Biomedical Journals.” Refer to the examples provided below. Reference citation in the body of a manuscript is restricted to a maximum of 30 references.

- Journal article

  • 1. Comfort A. A good age. London: Mitchell Beazley; 1997.
  • 2. Madden R, Hogan T. The definition of disability in Australia: Moving towards national consistency. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare; 1997.
  • 3. Rodgers P, Smith K, Williams D, et al. The way forward for Australian libraries. Perth: Wombat Press; 2002.

- Book

  • 4. Blaxter M. Social class and health inequalities. In: Carter C, Peel J, editors. Equalities and inequalities in health. London: Academic Press, 1976; p. 369–380.
  • 5. Solving the Y2K problem. In: Bowd D, editor Technology today and tomorrow. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1997; p. 27–40.

- Dissertation

  • 6. Borkowski MM. Infant sleep and feeding: a telephone survey of Hispanic Americans [unpublished dissertation]. Mount Pleasant (MI): Central Michigan University; 2002.

- Conference paper

  • 7. Anderson JC. Current status of chorion villus biopsy. Paper presented at: APSB 1986. Proceedings of the 4th Congress of the Australian Perinatal Society, Mothers and Babies; 1986 Sep 8–10; Queensland, Australian. Berlin: Springer;1986. p. 182–191.

- Online sources

G. Tables
Present tables in consecutive order of their appearance in the main body, followed by table captions. Do not explain those contents in the tables that are already visible in figures, and the contents should be presented clearly and concisely in English so that readers can understand the table without reading the main body. Include footnotes below the tables and define all abbreviations that are not standard in this field in footnotes.
Indicate footnotes in tables in superscripts as a), b), c). Statistical values, such as Standard Error of Mean (SEM), should be presented. Omit vertical and horizontal lines in the tables.
H. Figures
Figures include graphs, images, and video files. Authors are required to provide figures by saving each image in a separate file. When citing separate figures, supply captions such as “Figure 1A” and “Figure 1B.” Colored images are recommended; provide brief and easy-to-read footnotes. The minimum resolution required is 300 dpi (dots per inch) or 3,000,000 pixels, as per the Guidelines for Digital Art (http://art.cadmus.com/da/guidelines.jsp). To cite figures previously published, a written consent is required, and a copy of the permission letter(s) must be attached.
2. Review paper
Manuscripts for Review Papers should be organized in the following order: title page, abstract (within 250 words), main body, references, tables, figure captions, and figures.
The main body consists of the introduction, main body, conclusions, conflict of interest, and acknowledgement. Reference citations in the body of a manuscript are restricted to 80 references. The style and format of the text should be the same as that of Original Paper.
3. Brief Image in Trauma
Manuscripts for Brief Image should be organized in the following order: title page, abstract, main body, conflict of interest, acknowledgement, references, tables, figure captions, and figures.
The abstract must be written in English within 250 words, and there are no restrictions on formats. Select a maximum of five words from the MeSH (Medical Subject Heading) of Index Medicus and provide them below the abstract.
The body consists of case presentation and discussion, and reference citations are restricted to 10 references. The style and format of the text should be the same as that of Original Paper.
4. Treatment Progression in Trauma
Manuscripts of this type should conform to the style and format of Brief Image in Trauma, and the description explaining the process of the patient’s treatment as well as appropriate images in the Case Presentation section should be attached.
5. How to Do It in Trauma
Manuscripts of this type should conform to the style and format of Brief Image in Trauma, and clinical information, including patients’ histories, physical and experimental findings, clinical process, results of treatments, and brief description of the most recent status of the patients, should be briefly stated along with appropriate photos. When using a photo of a specific patient, the Release Form for Photographs of Identifiable Patients must be filled without omission with consent from the patients. All information that may reveal the patient or the hospital, including the date, must be omitted from images.
6. Letter to Editor
It only applies to the opinions on journals published in TIP and the responses from the editor committee and is only published if it is decided worthy of discussion by the editor committee.

Other Requirements

  • 1. Verb tense: When explaining an event or data from the past, use the past tense. For authors’ opinion and generally approved facts, use the present tense.
  • 2. Names of places: State the location of the manufacturer of the equipment and drugs in this order: city, state, nation. Refer to the following site for names of places in Korea (http://www.korean.go.kr/09_new/dic/rule/rule_roman.jsp).
  • 3. Units: Use SI units. The unit for temperature is Celsius (℃).
  • 4. Abbreviations: Keep consistency in using abbreviations and define them at their first appearance. Conventional abbreviations may be used in the texts without prior explanation. Refer to “Abbreviation, Acnonym and Unit” for further details.
  • 5. Numbers: Spell out all numbers from one to nine and use numerals for all numbers from 10 onwards. When a sentence starts with a number, it must be spelled out.

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Editorial Office
Korean Association for Research, Procedures and Education on Trauma
#1618, 18, Mapo-daero 4da-gil, Mapo-gu, Seoul 04177, Korea
Tel: +82-2-3280-9013    E-mail: karpet@karpet.or.kr

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